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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  December 16, 2016 2:30pm-3:01pm PST

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation. newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good. kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea.
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nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at >> and now, "bbc world news america." laura: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan. president obama blames forces inside the kremlin for hacking the democratic party before the election and hints at possible retaliation. president obama: our goal continues to be to send a clear message to russia or others not to do this to us, because we can do stuff to you. laura: the evacuation of aleppo is halted again. u.n. officials warned that hundreds of children could die as a result. as a result. and they call the city a synonym for hell. and recording the journey to
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jail. how one photographer in new york is capturing the story of those visiting loved ones on rikers island. viewers onome to our public television in america and also around the globe. president obama said today he believes the cyberattacks on the democratic party were authorized by the highest levels in russia, and american intelligence officials have said moscow hacked e-mails to influence the election in favor of donald trump, a claim the president-elect has dismissed. the bbc's nick bryant reports. nick: did russian hacking help put donald trump in the white house? the cia and president obama says overwhelming evidence shows russian hackers try to sway the election in his favor by accessing democratic computers, and it strongly
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suggests russian president vladimir putin was personally involved. president obama: good afternoon. nick: tonight at the white house, president obama described a showdown with his russian counter or -- counterpart of the g 20 summit, where he delivered a stern warning. president obama: what i was concerned about in particular was hacking that could affect vote counting and the election process itself. in early september, when i saw president putin in china, i felt that the most effective way to ensure that that didn't happen was to talk to him directly and tell him to cut it out and that there would be serious consequences if he didn't. nick: this presidential head-to-head was clearly a tense affair. and now president obama has warned there will be consequences, what he called an appropriate response. in moscow, the kremlin rejected the accusation that vladimir putin was involved. his spokesman rubbished the claim as "laughable nonsense."
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this was the reaction of russian lavrov minister sergei to all the allegations. >> it is just silly, and the futility of attending to convince somebody of this is absolutely obvious. nick: amongst the many targets, it is claimed the hackers gained access to the e-mails of hillary clinton campaign manager john podesta. he received a bogus e-mail and martin saying his e-mail account had been hacked and he should click on a link to reset his password. when he did so, he unwittingly gave access to his e-mails and confidential details of the campaign. a batch on the eve of the democratic convention showed the committee heavily favored hillary clinton in the primary campaign against bernie sanders. hillary clinton has said putin was pursuing a vendetta, saying
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"he has a personal beef against me." people of pennsylvania, thank you. his thankp continued you true when his opponents say he should be thanking russia. president obama: my hope is that the president-elect is going to similarly be concerned with making sure that we don't have potential foreign influence in our election process. i will think any american wants that. that shouldn't be a source of argument here -- i don't think any market wants that. that shouldn't be a source of argument. nick: all this a reminder of the huge differences in policy and personality when the billionaire takes office. he favors warmer ties with vladimir putin at the very
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moment barack obama is raising the specter of a cyber cold war. nick bryant, bbc news, new york. a brief time ago with john mcglothlin, former deputy director of u.s. central intelligence. how seriously do you take the intelligence assessment that russia interfered to help donald trump? logicalnk that is a conclusion based on the evidence we have seen. the thing i'm certain about is russia did interfere with our election. the director of national intelligence said that with confidence -- that was the term -- in october. i think you have to take that to the bank. the intelligence community does not use that word "confidence" very often, high confidence. on the issue of what the motive was, what we have so far our press leaks, reports that the cia has apparently done. we haven't seen the kind of public explanation of all of
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that. laura: but you know intelligence officials well. for them to come up with something as concrete as the fact that the russians did this to help donald trump, they would have to have a firm footing. john: they would not say that casually. they would want serious evidence behind them, because anyone saying that knows that you are going to be attacked for that statement. someone is going to come at you politically. if we have learned anything in the intelligence world over the last decade or so, it is make sure the ground you are standing on is solid when you are going to say something that is particularly explicit or consequential. laura: as we know, donald trump is belittling the idea that russia would have hacked the u.s. election in any way. does that set him on a collision course with the intelligence agencies he is about to lead? john: well, these intelligence agencies are pretty tough and are accustomed to controversy. it looks like a collision course.
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i think it is entirely in his court and it is about time he began behaving like a president and getting out of campaign mode and taking this seriously. it is one thing to challenge and intelligence assessment when you are basically trying to have a dialogue about the nature of the sourcing and the level of confidence and so forth. but recently brushed it aside as ridiculous -- but to simply brush it aside as ridiculous is, frankly, irresponsible. laura: you were in russia recently. the russians must be delighted with the impact they have had and the fact that donald trump is dismissing claims they could have been behind it. john: for russia, this is a successful covert action. this is precisely the kind of outcome that would please them. there is a lot of confusion in the united states and people seem to have doubts about the electoral system. that must be what they were seeking to achieve. the thought -- they have sitting president and president-elect at odds with each other. this is a dream outcome for them. laura: john mclaughlin, thank
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you so much for joining us. john: sure. laura: aleppo is now a synonym for hell. that was the bleak assessment of the un's secretary-general, which came with a warning that children could die if they are not allowed to evacuate soon. attempt to evacuate civilians were held up again today. quentin sommerville has the latest. quentin: this is the moment hope turns to panic, when today's evacuations from eastern aleppo went wrong. "those people are being threatened by the regime," shout the activists. they are running away from the crossing point. "hurry up, hurry up. they are going to shoot at us.
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we have been following him for six months." the man beside him starts to sob. and then the gunfire begins. hezbollah fighters were shooting at evacuees, it seems over the head just to scare them. with that, the cease-fire in aleppo collapsed. thousands made it out overnight, clinging to anything they could. but today in the streets of eastern aleppo, tens of thousands more were still trapped. the rebels weren't living up to their side of the bargain, said the regime, by allowing trapped shiite civilians to leave the rebel held territory. by evening, a compromise was in the works that could get the buses moving again. but for this man and his wife and children, it means another day stuck inside aleppo. >> we don't want to leave, but we have to.
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we are not only fighting the regime. the regime fell a long time ago. now we are fighting against hezbollah, and other militias. quentin: he would love to be reunited with his family. when the internet allows, he talks to his father at the turkish border. there we get with a man who wants his son out. he already lost his sister to aleppo's struggle. >> i wish to see my sons, but our homeland is precious. we were born there, and we love our country. quentin: but what of aleppo's rebel fighters? defeated by the regime and its allies, tonight they warned that if the cease-fire doesn't
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return, the fighting will. >> there is still at least 6000 fighters. we can hold the line. it is the only choice we have, to fight. they didn't honor the agreement to leave peacefully so we will fight to the end. quentin: this is a complex war and it is a crowded battlefield with many players. in three days, the cease-fire has broken down three times. with a bit more effort, it could yet be revived again. quentin sommerville, bbc news. laura: the bbc's chief international correspondent lyse doucet has been following developments from beirut and joined me a short time ago. what do you hear about when the evacuation might resume? lyse: perhaps not surprising that a tangled geopolitical war has evolved into a tangled
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evacuation process, because there were 2 missions that were supposed to be taking place at the same time. the first reason -- there were many reasons -- the first reason why today's evacuations from east aleppo was halted was when it became clear that the other evacuation from 2 government villages surrounded by rebels have been halted by the rebel groups. in the last few hours we heard that all the rebel forces have agreed that that evacuation will go ahead tomorrow, which means the east aleppo one can begin again. we understand there are still tens of thousands of people still waiting inside east aleppo, including what the un's children's fund says are hundreds of children, including orphans. hundreds of children, hundreds of families, hundreds of civilian activists, non-fighters, and thousands of fighters as well. the war for the land of aleppo has ended but the battle for the people is still going on. there is no certainty that even though it begins tomorrow, there won't be another problem,
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including the kind of firing at the checkpoint that quentin talked about in his report. laura: if the rebels are taken to idlib, what is to stop that area becoming another aleppo, another siege, another hell? lyse: it already is another hell. it is a densely populated area. thousands more are heading to idlib. it is one of the most constant targets for russian and syrian bombardment. and i think that is the strategy. people say, really, they are going to let the rebels live to -- leave to fight another day? yes, they are, and they have time and time again. but they make sure they go to one place to make it much easier to target them. in this evacuation, some of the fighters are told, ok, you can go on to other places, but the only option after idlib will be to go further north closer to the turkish border where there are kurdish fighters and turkish troops.
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but they are being squeezed into an increasingly small area, and the belief is that as they become more squeezed, it is the more radical, more islamist elements who will become the dominating character of the insurgency. laura: lyse doucet, thank you. united nations officials rarely use the word "genocide" or "ethnic cleansing," but they say the violence in south sudan has the potential to be just that. fighting has been raging since a peace deal was shattered in july and it is forced hundreds of thousands to flee across the border to uganda. our correspondent has more. reporter: they come in twos and threes, in family groups crossing every day over the unofficial border. in six months, slowly but steadily, war in south sudan has created more refugees then syria or iraq has in a year. many have walked in days to get here.
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to escape the civil war. >> they are killing people. stealing. they are not shooting. they cut you with a knife. reporter: he says the violence is ethnic-based. the u.n. warns it is heading towards genocide. this is one of the many crossing points on the border between uganda on this side and south sudan, where these ladies are coming from. since july, every single day, on average 2500 people have moved into uganda. that means since that time there are 340,000 new refugees. within 26 hours, they are transported here. inuarter of a million people 250 square kilometers.
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water is in short supply. the unhcr is helping to coordinate the response with the government. >> the international community has to pay attention to this and especially pressure the south sudanese leaders to stop this because this is a massacre of civilians going on there. by both sides. reporter: to help ease the trauma, schoolchildren are taught songs rejecting hatred, and for 16-year-old budding poets like patricia, that is how harder than it should be. >> who are you and where do you come from? you have killed my mother, father, even my brothers and sisters. reporter: the resilience she shows while performing her poem slips when you ask her what happened. >> we were attacked and then they took my parents and they killed. reporter: how did you escape? >> me?
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i just run in the bush and following some people coming here. reporter: it is one of the biggest refugee crises in the world right now, but few have heard of the atrocities in south sudan, the killing, raping, destruction in the world's youngest country. laura: fleeing the violence in south sudan there. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, he is no stranger to controversy. now the president of the philippines tells the bbc about his killing of drug suspects. once again, china is facing a very serious air pollution problem. authorities in beijing have issued a five-day red alert. the warning system was introduced last year would force half of all of beijing's cars off the road and shut down some of the worst polluting factories. 20 other northeastern cities could do likewise. let's get more from john
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sudworth in beijing. thick,ere it is, then, a of particles and other nasties expected to hang around for the best part of a week. the red alert that the authorities in beijing have put in place will keep half of all this city's cars off the road through and even- and odd-numbered system, as well as forcing some of the worst polluting factories to close. there is a thick blanket of smog across a large swath of china and some 20 or so other cities are expected to follow suit. pollution levels are, of course, often even higher than this. and yet this is only the second time the authorities in beijing have issued a red alert since the system was introduced three years ago, leading to suspicions that the decision to do so is
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often just as much political as it is about public safety. lucian is -- pollution is an issue of increasing public concern, with mounting public anger. a recent protest in the central city was quickly quashed by the authorities with a number of activists arrested. earlier this year in another city, government authorities there were seen to be cheating air pollution data by stuffing the monitoring agreement -- monitoring equipment. laura: the president of the philippines has told the bbc that he killed three men while he was the mayor of one of the country's biggest cities. rodrigo duterte, whose war against drugs has killed thousands since he was elected in may, says the killings were part of a legitimate operation against gang members. reporter: men, women, teenagers, gunned down in the streets.
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this is the war on drugs filipino style, killings ordered by a government with a zero tolerance policy towards addicts and dealers. almost 6000 people have died, killed by police, vigilantes, and mercenaries since may of this year. >> roderigo duterte -- reporter: that is when this man, rodrigo duterte, was elected. he claimed he personally killed three men accused of kidnapping and rape when he was a city mayor. his government said that was just tough talk. but today, speaking to me, mr. duterte insisted the claims were true. president duterte: i killed about three of them. i don't know how many bullets from my gun went inside their bodies. it happened. i cannot lie about it.
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reporter: do you think that reporter: do you think that makes you fit for the job of president? president duterte: yes, of course. given the problems of my country, yes. i have 4 million drug addicts in my country. so that is not a joke. for as long as there are drug pushers in my country, for as long as there are druglords, this campaign will go on until the last day. until all of them are killed. reporter: neighborhoods crippled by poverty and addiction are spread across the philippines. many involved in drugs have turned themselves in, preferring the relative safety of prison. their president has said he will personally come after them if they don't surrender. the u.s. has suspended aid to the philippines because of its brutal war on drugs. but mr. duterte doesn't appear to care. while his policies may be unpopular internationally, he
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has never been more popular at home. laura: vigilante justice from the president of the philippines. many families will be making trips to visit loved ones this holiday season. for the public bus to new york's rikers island, it is a journey is like no other. the riders often visit family members incarcerated there. a photographer has been recording their journeys and their stories and he spoke to the bbc. >> when i was younger, i would see the bus stop and drop off inmates in the early morning, 3:00 or 4:00 in the morning. 9:00 or 10:00 i would see a different group of people getting off the bus, and those are visitors for the inmates. it got me thinking about their story and how their loved ones ' incarceration affected them.
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what it does to families, children. rikers -- when you grow up in new york, it is always like the bogeyman. you are misbehaving in class, it's like, you know what, you will end up in rikers. you are taught that as a child. that is how the city raised us. this is a project about the city bus that runs to rikers, which originates in queen plaza, which i grew up a couple blocks away from. andruns over rikers back. the mothers have a huge effect on me. i have gone through the system but never been to rikers. just misdemeanor stuff when i was younger. i saw how it affected her. i met one woman fresh off a kidney transplant who took a three-hour trip to see her son for five minutes.
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due to the fact that she had to take the medication and a scheduled time, she would go there to drop clothing off and other necessities. after finding out her shipments were not getting to him. the couple months i was shooting this, i became more aware of the struggles and how long the journey is and how much money and time these families dedicate to their loved ones. instead of seeing people go to school or college or work, you are seeing your family and loved ones go through the cycle. they are spending a good eight hours in most cases going to the island and visiting and going back home. i think a lot of these children children are losing their youth, and see that as a normal way of life. laura: his images there bringing today's broadcast to a close. you can find much more on all the day's news on our website.
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to reach me and the rest of the bbc team, go to twitter. i am @lauratrevelyan. from all of us here, thanks for watching and have a great weekend. >> make sense of international news at >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation. newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good. kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the
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island with warm, sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: >> send clear message to russia or others not to do this to us, we can do stuff to you. >> woodruff: president obama talks about russian hacking, the crisis in syria, and what democrats need to do differently, in his final year- end news conference. then, a global movement-- italy's fastest growing political party embraces the anti-establishment ideals becoming popular around the world. >> this is where we see a parallel with brexit and the united states. there is a sense of the dispossessed, of the disenfranchised, those who feel


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